Sıvıların yoğunlukları

Aseton, bira, yağ, su ve daha fazlası gibi ortak sıvıların yoğunluklarının normal atmosfer sıcaklığında tablo olarak sunulmaktadır.

Bir malzemenin yoğunluğu, birim hacim başına kütle olarak tanımlanır. Başka bir deyişle, yoğunluk kütle ve hacim arasındaki oran veya birim hacim başına kütledir. Bir nesnenin birim hacminde (metreküp veya metreküp) ne kadar malzeme bulunduğunun bir ölçüsüdür.

Yoğunluk esasen maddenin ne kadar sıkı toplandığının bir ölçüsüdür. Yoğunluk ilkesi, Yunan bilim adamı Archimedes tarafından keşfedildi , ancak formülü biliyorsanız ve ilgili birimleri anladıysanız hesaplamak kolaydır.

Bazı yaygın sıvıların yoğunluğu:

SıvıSıcaklık – t –
(oC)
Yoğunluk – ρ –
(kg/m3)
Acetic Acid251049
Acetone25784.6
Acetonitrile20782
Alcohol, ethyl (ethanol)25785.1
Alcohol, methyl (methanol)25786.5
Alcohol, propyl25800
Ammonia (aqua)25823.5
Aniline251019
Automobile oils15880 – 940
Beer (varies)101010
Benzene25873.8
Benzil151230
Brine151230
Bromine253120
Butyric Acid20959
Butane25599
n-Butyl Acetate20880
n-Butyl Alcohol20810
n-Butylhloride20886
Caproic acid25921
Carbolic acid (phenol)15956
Carbon disulfide251261
Carbon tetrachloride251584
Carene25857
Castor oil25956.1
Chloride251560
Chlorobenzene201106
Chloroform201489
Chloroform251465
Citric acid, 50% aqueous solution151220
Coconut oil15924
Cotton seed oil15926
Cresol251024
Creosote151067
Crude oil, 48o API60oF790
Crude oil, 40o API60oF825
Crude oil, 35.6o API60oF847
Crude oil, 32.6o API60oF862
Crude oil, California60oF915
Crude oil, Mexican60oF973
Crude oil, Texas60oF873
Cumene25860
Cyclohexane20779
Cyclopentane20745
Decane25726.3
Diesel fuel oil 20 to 6015820 – 950
Diethyl ether20714
o-Dichlorobenzene201306
Dichloromethane201326
Diethylene glycol151120
Dichloromethane201326
Dimethyl Acetamide20942
N,N-Dimethylformamide20949
Dimethyl Sulfoxide201100
Dodecane25754.6
Ethane-89570
Ether25713.5
Ethylamine16681
Ethyl Acetate20901
Ethyl Alcohol (Ethanol, pure alcohol, grain alcohol or drinking alcohol)20789
Ethyl Ether20713
Ethylene Dichloride201253
Ethylene glycol251097
Trichlorofluoromethane refrigerant R-11251476
Dichlorodifluoromethane refrigerant R-12251311
Chlorodifluoromethane refrigerant R-22251194
Formaldehyde45812
Formic acid 10% concentration201025
Formic acid 80% concentration201221
Fuel oil60oF890
Furan251416
Furforol251155
Gasoline, natural60oF711
Gasoline, Vehicle60oF737
Gas oils60oF890
Glucose60oF1350 – 1440
Glycerine251259
Glycerol251126
Heating oil20920
Heptane25679.5
Hexane25654.8
Hexanol25811
Hexene25671
Hydrazine25795
Ionene25932
Isobutyl Alcohol20802
Iso-Octane20692
Isopropyl Alcohol20785
Isopropyl Myristate20853
Kerosene60oF820.1
Linolenic Acid25897
Linseed oil25929.1
Machine oil20910
Mercury13590
Methane-164465
Methanol20791
Methyl Isoamyl Ketone20888
Methyl Isobutyl Ketone20801
Methyl n-Propyl Ketone20808
Methyl t-Butyl Ether20741
N-Methylpyrrolidone201030
Methyl Ethyl Ketone20805
Milk151020 – 1050
Naphtha15665
Naphtha, wood25960
Napthalene25820
Nitric acid01560
Ocimene25798
Octane15698.6
Oil of resin20940
Oil of turpentine20870
Oil, lubricating20900
Olive oil20800 – 920
Oxygen (liquid)-1831140
Paraffin800
Palmitic Acid25851
Pentane20626
Pentane25625
Perchlor ethylene201620
Petroleum Ether20640
Petrol, natural60oF711
Petrol, Vehicle60oF737
Phenol (carbolic acid)251072
Phosgene01378
Phytadiene25823
Pinene25857
Propane-40493.5
Propane, R-29025494
Propanol25804
Propylenearbonate201201
Propylene25514.4
Propylene glycol25965.3
Pyridine25979
Pyrrole25966
Rape seed oil20920
Resorcinol251269
Rosin oil15980
Sea water251025
Silane25718
Silicone oil25965 – 980
Sodium Hydroxide (caustic soda)151250
Sorbaldehyde25895
Soya bean oil15924 – 928
Stearic Acid25891
Sulfuric Acid 95% concentration201839
Sulfurus acid-201490
Sugar solution 68 brix151338
Sunflower oil20920
Styrene25903
Terpinene25847
Tetrahydrofuran20888
Toluene20867
Trichlor ethylene201470
Triethylamine20728
Trifluoroacetic Acid201489
Turpentine25868.2
Water, heavy11.61105
Water – pure41000
Water – sea77oF1022
Whale oil15925
o-Xylene20880
  • 1 kg/m3 = 0.001 g/cm3 = 0.0005780 oz/in3 = 0.16036 oz/gal (Imperial) = 0.1335 oz/gal (U.S.) = 0.0624 lb/ft3 = 0.000036127 lb/in3 = 1.6856 lb/yd3 = 0.010022 lb/gal (Imperial) = 0.008345 lb/gal (U.S) = 0.0007525 ton/yd3

Yoğunluk, Kütle ve Hacim Hesaplama

Hüseyin Sümer hakkında 72 makale
Chemical and Mechanical engineer. Entrepreneur. Passionate about, Technology and Research.

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